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COLONOSCOPY-(Picolax©/Picoprep©)


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Riverview Endoscopy
at Hollywood Specialist Centre
13/95 Monash Ave, Nedlands, Western Australia
1800-174-837 (1800-1-RIVER)
Fax 08-9389-5322


COLONOSCOPY - (PICOLAX or PICOPREP plus COLONLYTELY)

NOTE: This preparation is not suitable for people with serious kidney problems



To change your HOLLYWOOD booking or for enquiries regarding the preparation please phone 1800 174 837. For preparation information out of normal working hours please contact the Gastroenterology Unit, or the after hours nurse manager, at Hollywood Hospital

 

What is …..Colonoscopy?

 

Colonoscopy is a procedure used to examine or inspect the bowel and allows for a variety of interventions to be carried out through the colonoscope. These interventions may include taking small tissue samples (biopsies) and removal of polyps. An alternative method of examining the large bowel is barium enema. Colonoscopy has the advantage over barium enema of allowing tissue samples or biopsies to be taken.

 

How are you prepared?  Prior to the colonoscopy you will need to collect the bowel preparation materials from your chemist (PICOPREP or PICOLAX and COLONLYTELY).  The day before the test you will not be able to eat any solid food. You will also need to take laxatives (PICOPREP or PICOLAX). The evening before, or the morning of, the procedure you will need to take COLONLYTELY which completely cleanses the colon. You must fast (no foods or fluids) completely for 3 hours before your admission time. (Please see over for complete instructions).

 

You should cease iron tablets and drugs to stop diarrhoea five days before the procedure. It is also desirable that you are not taking Aspirin, Clopidogrel (Plavix), other blood thinners (eg warfarin) or N.S.A.I.D’s (arthritis tablets). If you are on these medications, you should discuss the matter with your own doctor. You should also inform your doctor if you have heart valve disease or have a pacemaker implanted.

You should advise the nursing staff if you are sensitive (allergic) to any drug or other substance.

 

What do we do?  The colonoscope is a long and highly flexible tube about the thickness of your index finger. It is inserted through the back passage (rectum) into the large intestine to allow inspection of the whole large bowel. You are given a sedative through a vein in the arm before the procedure to make you more comfortable.

 

Safety and Risks?  Colonoscopy is usually simple and safe. Most surveys report complications in only 1 in 1,000 examinations or less. These rare complications include bleeding and perforation of the bowel. Severe bleeding or perforation may require an operation.

 

Because cancer can develop from pre-existing polyps (benign wart-like growths), it is recommended that all polyps found at the time of colonoscopy be removed (polypectomy) by placing a wire snare around the base and applying an electric current. When interventions such as removal of polyps are carried out there is a slightly higher risk of perforation or bleeding from the site where the polyp has been removed.

 

Complications of sedation are uncommon. Rarely, however, in patients with severe heart or chest disease serious sedation reactions can occur. Patients with such problems must tell the doctor. Special precautions are taken to avoid complications including administering oxygen during the procedure and monitoring oxygen levels in the blood, and monitoring the pulse rate.

 

The endoscopes are a complex reusable instrument, which cannot go through a heat sterilisation process, however, after each use they are thoroughly cleaned and then disinfected, using a high level disinfectant. The hospital cleans and disinfects the endoscopes according to the standards set by the Gastroenterological Society of Australia. The possibility of infection being introduced during a procedure cannot be completely ruled out, but seems extremely rare. Occasionally the laxative preparations can cause clinically serious changes in salt and water concentrations in some people. Death is a remote possibility with any interventional procedure. If you wish to have full details of rare complications, you should indicate to your doctor before the procedure that you wish for all possible complications to be fully discussed.

 

Afterwards?  The sedative pain-killer you are given before the procedure is very effective in reducing any discomfort. However, it may also affect your memory for some time afterwards. Even when the sedative appears to have worn off, you may find you are unable to recall details of your discussion with your doctor. For this reason a relative or friend should come with you if possible. You must not drive or operate machinery or make major decisions for 12 hours after the colonoscopy. You may have some wind pain after the pain killers wear off.

If you have any severe abdominal pain, bleeding from the back passage, fever, or other symptoms that cause you concern, you should contact the Hospital or your own doctor.

 

 

 

COLONOSCOPY INSTRUCTIONS

(Note: this preparation uses the following which are NOT suitable for patients with serious kidney problems:    PICOLAX or PICOPREP plus COLONLYTELY)

 

1.            Beginning 5 days before the colonoscopy - stop iron tablets, aspirin, clopidogrel or other blood thinners if possible.

2.            Collect two sachets of PICOLAX or PICOPREP and two sachets of COLONLYTELY bowel preparation kit from your chemist. Please note the times on the box are different to those below.

3.            The day immediately prior to the test, clear fluids only are to be taken. - Examples of clear liquids are: clear soup, diluted fruit juice, cordials, clear jellies, low calorie soft drinks, (not red, purple or green), soda or tonic water, black tea, black coffee, Bonox, Rehydration Solutions, and water. DO NOT HAVE: milk or milk products, pulp, pips or seeds, stock cubes, or green, red or purple food colouring. Do NOT drink ONLY water, have a range of different clear fluids.

4.           Have another responsible adult with you at home the night before the test.

          

PLEASE NOTE:    

§             The preparation will produce diarrhoea. This is important to clean the bowel. The bowel fluid should turn a clear, pale yellow with no solid material within it.

§             If you develop troublesome abdominal/tummy/stomach pain or feel very unwell, stop taking the preparation drinks and contact the Hospital for assistance and advice. However, the drinks often cause some nausea.

§             It is important to drink lots of clear fluids before during and after taking PICOLAX or PICOPREP to prevent dehydration and to properly clear the bowel.

 

FOR MORNING APPOINTMENTS

a.        2.00pm the day before the procedure:  Add the entire contents of ONE sachet of PICOLAX or PICOPREP to a glassful (120mL) of water.  Stir until stops bubbling.  Drink the mixture gradually but completely. You must follow this with plenty of clear fluids (at least one Litre) to prevent dehydration and to flush out the bowel.

a.            6.00pm the day before the procedure:  Add the entire contents of ONE sachet of PICOLAX or PICOPREP to a glassful (120mL) of water.  Stir until stops bubbling.  Drink the mixture gradually but completely. You must follow this with plenty of clear fluids (at least one Litre) to prevent dehydration and to flush out the bowel. Make up the COLONLYTELY solution by mixing with water in a jug and then chill the mixture in the fridge.

b.           Before going to bed on the evening before the procedure drink 1 Litre of the COLONLYTELY solution prepared earlier.

c.            5.00am on the day of the procedure drink the remaining 1 Litre of the COLONLYTELY solution prepared earlier.

d.           You may continue to drink clear fluids up until three (3) hours before your appointment.

 

FOR AFTERNOON APPOINTMENTS

a.        6.00pm the day before the procedure:  Add the entire contents of ONE sachet of PICOLAX or PICOPREP to a glassful (120mL) of water.  Stir until stops bubbling.  Drink the mixture gradually but completely. You must follow this  with plenty of clear fluids (at least one Litre) to prevent dehydration and to flush out the bowel.

b.       10.00pm the day before the procedure:  Add the entire contents of ONE sachet of PICOLAX or PICOPREP to a glassful (120mL) of water. Stir until stops bubbling. Drink the mixture gradually but completely. You must follow this with plenty of clear fluids (at least one Litre) to prevent dehydration and to flush out the bowel.  Make up the COLONLYTELY solution by mixing with water in a jug and then chill the mixture in the fridge.

c.        6.00am on the morning of the procedure drink 1 Litre of the COLONLYTELY solution prepared the previous  night.

d        9.00am on the morning of the procedure drink the remaining 1 Litre of the COLONLYTELY solution prepared earlier.

e        You may continue to drink clear fluids up until three (3) hours before your appointment.

 

AT THE HOSPITAL

Report to the hospital (Day Surgery Area) at the time advised. Bring your referral form, relevant X-Rays and your pre-admission form if you have not already delivered these, and your Medical Insurance and Medicare details.

 

You will be in the hospital for about two and a half hours. It is unsafe to drive yourself home. You must not drive or operate machinery or make major decisions for 12 hours after the colonoscopy. The sedative painkiller you are given before the procedure is very effective in reducing any discomfort. However, it may also affect your memory for some time afterwards. Even when the sedative appears to have worn off, you may find you are unable to recall details of your discussion with the Gastroenterologist. For this reason, have a relative or friend come with you if possible.

 

You may have some wind pain after the pain killers wear off. If you have any severe abdominal pain, bleeding from the back passage, fever, or other symptoms that cause you concern, you should contact the Hospital or your Medical Practitioner.

 

In most instances health funds accept Riverview Endoscopy accounts for direct no-gap billing. If not, you will be given an

invoice for the doctor's services. Payment will be your responsibility, but the majority of the cost will be reimbursed by

 Medicare and your private health fund. If paying on the day a receipt will be issued for you to claim from your health fund and

 Medicare. A separate account is issued by the Hospital for the Bed Fee. With some funds there is a $50 hospital

 gap (similar at all hospitals) which must be paid on the day to Hollywood Private Hospital. If biopsies are taken you will also

 receive an account from the Pathologist.  For most procedures an Anesthetist is also present, and a further account is raised

 by that doctor.  


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Presented by Dr Lindsay C MollisonRiverview LogoRiverview Endoscopy Home Page

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Created 28 July 1997

Updated 26 April 2012

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